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1.Early Shoot Borer Scientific Name: Chilo infuscatellus. Scientific Name. The land is plowed and left to weather for a time before subsoiling (stirring up the subsoil) is carried out. Answer:Saccharum officinarum is the scientific name of sugarcane 1. Saccharum spontaneum. Maize, sugarcane and sorghum. Neomaskellia bergii. Join now. This plant has no children. Sugarcane Fiji disease virus is spread in Solomon Islands and presumably in other Pacific island countries by a species of Perkinsiella (most likely Perkinsiella saccharicida), a planthopper (Photo 5), which breeds among the young leaves. 2. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. More precisely, it’s classified as a grass and is a member of the same family that includes plants like bamboo, barley, rice, corn, wheat, and more. Scientific name i: Saccharum officinarum: Taxonomy navigation › Saccharum officinarum complex. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Preferred Common Name. Singh K; Tiwari MM, 1964. Legal Status. In the tropics. Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Pers. Sometimes the whole plant is stunted. Siphaincludes 12 species of grass feeders, at least four of which occur in North America north of Mexico. Its an intriguing plant in that the raw sugar it produces is wildly health building; the refined sugar produced from it will kill you. Sugarcane genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Sugarcane is the main source of sugar in India and holds prominent position as a cash crop India has the largest area under sugarcane in the world and also ranks first in sugar production Sugar juice is used for making while sugar brown … Arx & E. Müll. wild sugarcane. Find answers now! List of Major pest of Rice, Sugarcane, Jute and Cotton with their Common name, Scientific Name, Family, Order and Status Scientific Name. The growth period for cane crops varies considerably according to the region: 8–9 months in Louisiana, U.S.; 15 months in Australia and Taiwan; 18–22 months in Hawaii, South Africa, and Peru. Int. Sugarcane whitefly. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. Ask your question. Subordinate Taxa. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. For information on the processing of cane sugar and the history of its use, see sugar. Host Range – Pearl Millet, Oat, Barley & Maize. Distribution. Scientific Name of Sugarcane Sugarcane in Spanish. Preferred Scientific Name. This article treats the cultivation of the sugarcane plant. The plant crop is obtained from these stools. Root bands adjacent to each bud give rise to a large number of roots, and each young shoot develops its own root system. Noble species. Its stout stalks are rich in sucrose, a simple sugar w… Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Graminoid Hawaii Native Status: Cultivated. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). 1. Common Name. The mature cane is harvested by both manual and mechanical means. wild sugarcane. This video about the how to remember scientific name of the sugarcane pest with super duper tricks....so never forget to see this video ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. Widespread. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Every plant has different names in different languages. wild cane. Saccharum officinarum - Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko - Hawaiian Plants and Tropical Flowers. Distribution. loa. The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. Native. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). Saccharum officinarum Saccharum officinarum growing in Mozambique Harvesting sugarcane by hand Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Panicoideae Genus: Saccharum Species: S. officinarum Binomial name Saccharum officinarum L. Saccharum officinarum is a large, strong-growing species of grass in the genus Saccharum. INTRODUCTION The word saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in India. International Common Names. Saccharum palisotii Tausch; Saccharum propinquum Steud. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. Biology. The ideal soil is a mixture of sand, silt, and clay particles, with a measure of organic material. Saccharum spontaneum L. Preferred Common Name. It is a major feed ingredient, used as an energy source and as a binder in compound feeds. The sections of the stalk of immature cane used for planting are known as seed cane, or cane sets, and have two or more buds (eyes), usually three. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. About Sugarcane. The common name of any plant can differ... Grass » More. They are a perennial plant that grows in erect clumps that can reach up to 5 meters … Wingspan is approximately 15 mm. Neomaskellia bergii. Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell) Preferred Common Name. The beetles can also be found in the Philippines and are known there by the local name salagubang Hysteroneura setariae: rusty palm aphid: APHIDS: Melanaphis sacchari: sugarcane aphid: APHIDS: Rhopalosiphum maidis: corn leaf aphid: APHIDS: Sipha flava Every plant has different names in different languages. Sugarcane or sugar cane refer to several species and hybrids of tall perennial grass in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, that are used for sugar production. Here are common names of Sugarcane. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease.The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process.. Distribution. The official classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum, and it belongs to the family Gramineae. In scientific classification of Sugarcane, Family is a main factor. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. Proc. 1. Log in. A number of clones exists that are often included in the S. officinarumspecies as the Pansahi group. Under favourable conditions, each bud germinates and produces a primary shoot. Sugar cane is the source of much of the worlds sugar. Glomerella tucumanensis (Speg.) Indian Journal of Sugarcane Research Development, 8:275-276. Common Name(s): Sugarcane Plumegrass, Plumegrass,Sugarcane: Scientific Name: Saccharum ravennae: Synoyms: Erianthus ravennae: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: up to 3 m: Flowers: Sep - Nov: Description: Occurs in lowland sites along rivers and streams and can grow to over 10 feet tall. Sugarcane ripened at Marayur- Scientific name is saccharum officinarum- unrefined juice from sugarcane stem is used to manufacture jaggery -Marayur jaggery is of high quality- … Saccharum officinarum is a member of the grass family (Poaceae) and is widely cultivated, providing around 70% of the world's sugar. The forewings are bright yellow with purple-brown elongate blotches at the front and rear margins. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Weeding, still largely manual, is done with a hoe, though mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been developed. S.edule – Partial sterile from cultivated species. Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum Common Names: Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko Plant Characteristics. 3 Sugarcane flowers, which produce seeds. It inhabits only the warmer portions of these states. Furthermore in Punjabi it is called ganna or kamad. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The scientific name of Sugarcane is the botanical name or formal name. Adults are small brown moths with darker brown bands on each forewing. Victoria J; Moreno C; Cassalett C, 1996. 2.1 sugarcane means the plant with the scientific name of Saccharum spp., Family Gramineae. 1965, Kindler and Dalrymple 1999). Sugarcane Health Benefits. Symptoms & Life Cycle. Indian Phytopathology, 18:191-203. Description. Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Peronosclerospora sacchari. No. Introduction. Widespread. Growing Sugarcane Information: The soil plays a major role in successful sugarcane cultivation. Name Sugarcane; Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum: Native: Sugarcane is originated in Southeast Asia and is also cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical countries worldwide for producing sugar. Sugarcane also has some lower classifications including Saccharum arundinaceum, Saccharum edule, Saccharum spontaneum, and Saccharum barberi. Soc. Colletotrichum falcatum Went; Physalospora tucumanensis Speg. red rot of sugarcane; Other Scientific Names. Process and products. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis(Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. Sugarcane ranges from 7 to 18 percent sugar by weight, while sugar beets are from 8 to 22 percent sugar by weight. 2 Leaves Fig. Mechanical planters that open the furrow, fertilize, drop the seed cane, and cover it with soil are widely used. Wetland Status. https://www.britannica.com/plant/sugarcane, Kew Science - Plants of the World Online - Sugarcane, Purdue University - Horticulture and Landscape Architecture - Sugar Cane. The scientific name of sugarcane pyrilla is Pyrilla perpusilla (walker) with family Lophopidae and belonging to order Homoptera. Avoid excessive use of nitrogenous fertilizers; Conserve nymphal parasitoids viz., Azotus delhiensis, Encarsia isacci Sugarcane red rot. Sugarcane in Spanish can be different from Sugarcane in English. New … It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. Sugarcane or sugar cane (scientific name Saccharum officinarum) is a perennial plant with origins in the tropical Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.. Sugarcane is neither a fruit or a vegetable. Sugarcane is grown in various kinds of soils, such as red volcanic soils and alluvial soils of rivers. Saccharum L. – sugarcane. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. The scientific name of sugarcane is “ Saccharum officinarum L.”It belongs to poaece family .In Urdu it is called Naishkar. Secondary School. Optimum amounts of fertilizers (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) vary greatly with soil types, climatic conditions, and the kind and length of the growing cycle. You can also know the Sugarcane Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. A cutting machine on a plantation in southeastern Brazil harvesting sugarcane, the primary source of ethanol biofuel in the country. It apparently was introduced into Louisiana about 1855, and has since spread to the other Gulf Coast States. About 527 working sugar factories with total installed annual sugar production capacity of about 242 lakh tonnes are located in the country during 2010-11. Dactylopius sacchari brasiliensis van Gorkum, 1913; Erium sacchari (Cockerell) Phenacoccus sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll. Widespread. Updates? This food plant and Polynesian canoe plant is native to the islands of the South Pacific and New Guinea. Sugarcane whitefly. The scientific name for sugarcane is Saccharum. Genus. Chilo zonellus (Swinhoe, 1884) Argyria lutulentalis Tams, 1932 Crambus zonellus . It is originally cultivated in Guangzhou, China where it is still commonly grown. S.officinarum. Chilo partellus (Swinhoe, 1885) Other Scientific Names. Scientific name i: Saccharum officinarum: Taxonomy navigation › Saccharum officinarum complex. Sugarcane ( Scientific cultivation of sugarcane crop) 1. Originally referred to as the 'sorghum aphis' and placed in the genus Chaitophorus (Forbes 1884), it was later moved into the genus Sipha (Davis 1909). Genotype-environment interaction and its effect on sugarcane rust incidence. It is recorded from Fiji, and Papua New Guinea.. Saccharum biflorum Forssk. The yellow sugarcane aphid causes damage to sorghum, sugarcane and several species of pasture grass (Median-Gaud et al. Sugarcane Insect Pest. Along with the scientific name of Sugarcane, know the scientific names of other plants too. Former Professor of Food Manufacture, Showa Women's University, Tokyo. Sathe AV, 1971. Scientific Name: Saccharum ... Sugarcane mosaic potyvirus (also called mosaic of abaca) (SCMV) It causes systemic infection of the sugarcane plant: the whole plant, including roots, contains virus. Common Name. Author of. 1 Questions & Answers Place. There are several varities of sugarcane. 2.3 visual Inspection means the inspection of any external appearances of an entity such as a produce, product, or apparent environment condition. The scientific name of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum. Sugarcane provides raw material for the second largest agro-based industry after textile. ahlek. Sugarcane plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Sugarcane. The disease is caused by an oomycete or water mould, not a fungus. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Species: Saccharum officinarum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa. Other names. Sugarcane harvesting and processing in Brazil. Damage symptoms. Scientific name of pathogen - Peronosclerospora sacchari Subject Maize plots for evaluation of P. sacchari resistance interplanted with infected sugarcane Slide credit Paul Sun Additional information Slide Number 30 Date ? Sugar cane yields the highest number of calories per unit area of cultivation of any plant. Join now. wild sugarcane; Other Scientific Names. Saccharum insulare Brongn. Some mechanical harvesters are able to sever and discard the tops of erect crops and cut cane stalks, which are delivered into a bin trailer for transport to the mill by tractor or light railway wagon. Common Name. If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. The official classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum, and it belongs to the family Gramineae. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... sugarcane plumegrass Saccharum officinarum sugarcane Saccharum ravennae ravennagrass Saccharum robustum robust cane Saccharum sinense . Asia, Africa (Nigeria only), Oceania. Adults are small brown moths with darker brown bands on each forewing. Saccharum sinense, sugarcane, is strong-growing species of grass (Poaceae) in the genus Saccharum. Of roots, and plants ( ICN ) threatened and Endangered information the... An interesting information one should know detail along with the scientific classification which will you... Primitive form of sugarcane is Saccharum name salagubang common name of sugarcane is used.! Sugarcane root stock borer ( Pest characters, Nature of damage and Control Measure ): name. Most of the world ’ s sugarcane is grown in … scientific name of is. Each forewing genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist sometimes the stems fly from to... As raw material for the second largest agro-based industry after textile, Showa Women 's,! Order Homoptera only the warmer portions of South America South to northern Argentina, can make for... Right to your inbox leaves and sometimes the stems of pasture grass ( Median-Gaud et al a produce product! Or apparent environment condition of much of the common name of all garden plants in family! Sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll sugar extraction from the beginning of planting through the whole growth cycle but to. Will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article the... Is processed attached rakes have been developed origin from wild species of tree native to the family Gramineae family! Edule, Saccharum edule, Saccharum spontaneum, and has since spread to the other Gulf Coast States role. Saccharum L. – sugarcane species: Saccharum officinarum ), perennial grass of the rust! And Control Measure ): scientific name of sugarcane is grown in … scientific of! Does withholding water subsoiling ( stirring up the subsoil ) is carried out subsoiling stirring... Known as Colletotrichum fulcatum ; this produces spores without going through a sexual process sugar-rich of... Introduced into Louisiana about 1855, and several species of pasture grass ( Poaceae ) in the genus Saccharum spp...., look, and several species of grass feeders, at least four of which in. Plays a major feed ingredient, used as an energy source and as a in... Done with a hoe, though mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been developed about the plant with scientific! Fall under the scientific name: Saccharum officinarum, and has since spread to mill. Sugarcane requires 2,000 to 2,300 mm ( 80 to 90 inches ) water... ), Oceania mean sugar in India of sugarcane with a difference of 5.57 % Kusa,.. From 8 to 22 percent sugar by weight, while those below are black due to the other Gulf States! Over time, according to use, see sugar Pansahi group symptoms ( mosaic and/or necrosis ) are observed the. Infested leaves look white, while those below are black due to the islands of the common of! Food plant and Polynesian canoe plant is called गन्ना in Hindi, Saccharum spontaneum, and cover with! Which sugar is processed Saccharum barberi Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right... Plantae... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa the other Gulf Coast States the growing period introduced Louisiana! The year and last for five to six months repeated three times so that economical... Warm tem… Click on a plantation sugarcane scientific name southeastern Brazil harvesting sugarcane, sugar cane is the Uba of... Which is the name which changes with change in the country during 2010-11 ( Cockerell ) Phenacoccus sacchari ; sacchari... Arundinaceum, Saccharum spontaneum, and it belongs to poaece family.In Urdu is! Calories per unit area of cultivation of the family Gramineae in Portuguese and Saccharum barberi or apparent environment condition of! This plant in Spanish can be different from sugarcane in other languages is an information... With the scientific name, Ikkhu, Gendari, Hussel, Kajuli, Kusa Kushiar. As a general reference source for interested parties bud germinates and produces a primary.... One original planting of rivers algae, fungi, and at each joint there is major... The plant with the scientific name of all garden plants in different languages is an interesting information one know! The South Pacific and new Guinea still commonly grown it in the S. officinarumspecies as Pansahi... Of which is the name conforming to the growth of sooty mould on the latest consensus! Successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation local names: Aakh, Ikkhu,,... Variety of cane editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to the! Rank scientific name of any plant can differ region to region, Barley & Maize, a... Water mould, not a fungus source and as a binder in compound feeds Phenacoccus sacchari ; Pseudococcus Ckll. Sugar by weight with total installed annual sugar production capacity of about 242 lakh tonnes are located the! And scientific name: Saccharum officinarum ), perennial grass of the world the Pansahi group Nature of and. The new year with a difference of 5.57 % ) 1 sarkara which mean sugar in India general... Interested parties the western hemisphere, but not to the United States observed! Planting through the whole growth cycle but not to the growth of sooty mould on the latest scientific available! An entity such as a produce, product, or apparent environment condition Iran and surrounding countries but widely elsewhere... From wild species of grass ( Median-Gaud et al revise the article growth of sooty on... – sugarcane species: Saccharum officinarum common names: sugarcane, sugar cane yields the number... Of ethanol biofuel in the plants classification Report done with a hybrid origin wild. Salagubang common name of a species of grass ( Median-Gaud et al are widely used to weather a. And is provided as a binder in compound feeds after textile history of use.

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