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Plants are extremely drought and heat tolerant but require excellent drainage and a lot of direct sun. It has long, rubbery leave blades with only mildly sharp tips. It is a variable species, at least now in cultivation where many plants are possibly hybrids with something else. (The flowers navajo (middle photo) (photo growin) Yucca linearifolia (was a variety of Yucca rostrata at one time), Yucca constricata (left photo) Yucca palida (middle photo- by frostweed) Yucca penninsularis (right photo), Yucca rupicola (photo htop) Yucca torreyi Yucca treculeana (photo Xenomorf). Do Not Sell My Personal Information] The leaves have sharp tips but are fairly flexible and not terribly dangerous (watch your eyes, though). Yucca schidigeras in native landscape, southern California. After both yucca plants bloom, a … I use ... read more, A small feral colony lives in Socorro, NM. It is hardy in Zones 4-10. Edibility: Flowers, fruits, roots, and stems are edible. Yucca endlichiana. Yucca flaccida has beautiful foliage streaked with bright gold down the center, and looks stunning year round. Leaves are stiff and dangerously sharp. There are many cultivars of this plant, most variegations and far more popular in cultivation than the normal green form. Yucca rostrata is an easy species to grow with minimal care (as are most Yuccas) and can remain in a pot for many years, growing up to ten feet tall or more. Yucca rostratas in garden and desert landscapes, Yucca rostratas at 'ideal size' and trimmed up ornamentally in pot. Yucca rigidas (last photo seedling in my garden). Yucca flowers grow in pale clusters on long, fibrous stalks in the center of yucca trees and shrubs. It is a non-branching, rubbery-leaved plant with blue-green, short harmless arching leaves that turn a nice burgundy color in winters. Yucca filamentosas normal (photo by kropit) and 'Bright Edge', Yucca filamentosas variegated forms in my garden (second one flowering). This is an Agave-like plant that, in general, has more cold tolerance than most Agaves, though there are some cold intolerant species (and a few fairly cold tolerant Agaves as well). It has flower spikes that are three- to four- feet long, each completely packed with enormous white flowers. Stalks of white blooms as tall as 6 feet may appear in spring. It is hardy to -10F or -23C. Yucca doesn’t like shade, and will most likely have an incredibly hard time flowering in low-light environments. At night, yucca flowers emit a fragrance that attracts yucca moths. Yucca recurvifolias (first photo ptyler); second photo var. Yucca whipplei (aka Hesperoyucca; Chaparral Yucca or Our Lord's Candle) This is a native from Baja California and is one of the few monocarpic Yuccas. It is another cultivar that thrives on neglect, doing well as long as it has ample amounts of sunlight. I had been seeing this plant growing along the road ... read more, I have literal swarms of honey bees yearly. Though not a great landscape plant except in small, open gardens, it makes a good, though peculiar, potted plant. Most have dull green leaves, but some forms have bluish leaves. The tepals vary in color from greenish white to creamy white or clear white or even purple. Yuccas are a plant that, as a child, I had no love for. Flowers in Heraklion Crete, Wedding Decorations in Heraklion Crete The flowers of Yuccas are generally large and showy, are white or pale yellow (some exceptions) and are pollinated by moths that are only attracted to Yucca flowers (this makes propagation by seed in my yard difficult as these moths are probably not in large numbers in urban landscapes). In return, yuccas are the only host plant for the moths. However, it does best in full sun and sandy, well draining soils. Some are stemless, while others reach tree size. Tall spikes hold deep rose-pink flowers almost year-round; effective plant for rock garden, landscape accent, or in containers. Yucca desmetiana. A Striking Water-Wise Border with Aloe, Cactus and Aeonium This water-wise rock garden features numerous species of cacti, succulent and xerophytes plants from all the continents. It is also used fairly commonly as an accent plant, but rarely as a specimen plant (only older, stemmed plants have remarkable specimen potential). Recently some have put this in its own genus, Hesperoyucca. Yucca rostrata (Beaked Yucca) This is a Texan and Mexican native that is well known for its ornamental appearance. This plant needs very well draining soil and full sun. This is a single stemmed Yucca up to 15 feet tall. Leaves are a deep, dull green and much longer and wider than those of Yucca brevifolia. Some Agaves and Yuccas are hard to tell apart, though Agave and Yucca flowers look very different. This is sort of an oddball Mexican species and one of my favorite Yuccas in my garden. Now wash the flowers, discard the bulbs from it and is ready to use now. Yucca valida (Datilillo) though not currently a very common landscape species in the U.S., this Mexican native is a nice ornamental growing in tall solitary columns, later branching, and seems to maintain a lot of living green leaves nearly the entire height of the plant. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. These are arid-loving, rosette-shaped flowering plants that consist of primarily lanceolate leaf blades with very sharp leaf tips. Despite this lack of landscape use, it is one of the more used species in herbal medicines. is for you. [ Home | Yucca flowers and flower stalks are edible. Some Agaves can look a lot like Yuccas... or vice versa. Though it is used in landscaping in some southwestern climates, it is not one of the more ornamental of the Yuccas having a relatively sparse head of leaves. I sometime have a hard time telling this from a few species of Agave, though their flowers look nothing alike. many as 40 species of trees and shrubs found mostly in arid portions of North America It develops a massively wide base over time and eventually branches. Yucca nana (Dwarf Yucca) still uncommon in cultivation, this Utah native is one of the smallest Yuccas only growing about six to eight inches tall and wide. Most plants seem to remain solitary, but some branch after flowering creating a fantastic two to three headed beauty. The yucca plant (Yucca spp.) It is cold hardy only down to about 25F or -4C. Though not very cold tolerant, it is at least one of the most versatile Yuccas in warmer climates tolerating a wide variety of soil types, sun exposures and humidity (will grow well in humid climates, as well as being quite drought tolerant). Stems are up to twenty feet high, though most tall plants eventually topple and grow laterally for a while before growing upright again. Yucca glauca (Soap Weed, Bear Grass or Great Plains Yucca) This small, stemless or short-stemmed, wispy to spiny plant is a cold hardy native of the Midwestern U.S., and was one of the banes of my youthful hiking experiences (along with Yucca harrimaniae and a variety of Opuntia spp.). It has been cultivated since 1605. Best in well-drained soil. This is a zone 8 to 11 plant. Yucca schottii (Mountain Yucca) This Southwest U.S. native is a short-stemmed Yucca (it can grow up to 20 feet tall eventually, though) with very stiff and straight leaves. Yucca schotti in flower (left) and close up (photo by Xenomorf). Cold hardiness is about to zone 8a (10F or -12C). The sepals and the petals are so similar that they are referred to as tepals. Outdoor yucca plants do produce flowers every year, but this could be a bit tricky for indoor plants. These plants also seem to love high, dry heat, though some cultivars are not in this group. Yucca guatemalensis (syn. Yucca plants are coarse, and may be best combined with lighter, fine textured foliage. Yucca schidigera (Mojave Yucca) Native to the deserts of Southern California along with several other southwestern states and Baja California, this common, medium-stemmed (up to 15 feet tall eventually) Yucca is one of the least-used Yuccas in landscaping, partly due to its dagger-like leaves but also because of its somewhat unkempt and less-than-ornamental appeal. It is one of the wider-leaved Yuccas and has ornamental pendulous whitish flowers that only very vaguely resemble bananas. Yucca grandiflora (Large Flowered Yucca) A tall, suckering Mexican species, this is another relatively uncommon plant in cultivation, partly because it takes up a lot of room and has a lot less adaptable nature compared to the somewhat similar species, Yucca guatamalensis (see below). First of all, there are some 60 species of Yucca, some of them very reluctant bloomers. It is a natural hybrid between Yucca baccata and Yucca elata. Yucca elephantipes produces a large cluster of white flowers when it blooms.The flower panicles (branched inflorescence) have a conical shape and grow from the center of the plant.Spineless yuccas usually produce flowers during spring and summer. Plants grow as tall as 30 feet, and can grow nearly as wide eventually. About Bill Ward. Yucca baccattas (first photo by Xenomorf; last photo by htop). Most Yuccas are stemmed plants, but quite a few are not. This species does not tolerate low light situations well and will usually start growing abnormally short, stunted leaves in shade. In addition to creating a charming desert chic vibe to any space, it’s an easy-to-grow plant that’s very tolerant of neglect. These succulents are incredibly easy to grow either in a container or your garden. Yucca faxoniana (syn. These leaves are relatively short, stout, stiff and ‘agave-like', ending in a very sharp thorn. The tips are sharp but not very dangerously so. neomexicana in second photo). Veterinarian and Exotic Plant Lover... and obsessive, compulsive collector of all oddball tropical and desert plants. It is one of the most popular specimen Yuccas in Southern California thanks to the striking blue sphere of flat, subtly variegated leaves. It is cold hardy down to about -20F or -29C. Yucca whipplei in habitat, Southern Californnia. Without any exceptions I am aware of Yuccas are full sun plants (some survive in shadier locales, but would probably prefer full sun) and I have lost a number of Yuccas from too little sunlight. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com Terms of Use, Rules, Privacy Policy, and Cookie Policy. Yucca aloifolia (Spanish Bayonet, Dagger Plant) This is a U.S. native but also grows in Mexico and the West Indies. This is the semi-official state flower of New Mexico (along with Yucca elata, since no species was specified in the Yucca's becoming of the state flower Some varieties are somewhat soft and have relatively harmless leaves while others have dagger-like, stiff and incredibly sharp blades. Yucca filifera (Tree Yucca or Peter-pan Palm) This Mexican species has to be the biggest of all the Yuccas growing as tall as fifty feet with massive bases 15 feet wide or more (like a Yucca brevifolia on steroids). Though some Yuccas are not cold tolerant, few Yuccas are too tropical in their needs to survive in most areas of Southern California. According to Succulent-Plant, while yuccas grow exclusively in the Americas, various species have adapted to conditions in arid desert climates, fertile grasslands, and even tropical rainforests.These diverse plants are ideal for gardens in almost any location, providing a splash of color when in bloom. Attracts the yucca moth for pollination as well as the larva feeding on the seeds. Yuccas flower once each year, generally from the middle of summer to early fall, depending on the variety. In the summer, it features flowers that can range in color from white to purple. There is still a sharp tip and the end, but it is not a very dangerous plant as Yuccas go. Hardiness is down to about zone 9a (20F or -7C). Yucca gloriosa â€¦ It is one of the less hardy Yuccas surviving only down to zone 9a (20F or -6C). The name Yucca brings to mind a low, shrubby pale green dangerous array of pointed spines I had to constantly avoid. Though most prefer well draining soils, many obviously tolerate clayey, poorly draining soils as well. In Mexico leaf fibers still are used for making twine, rope, cloth, mats, sandals, and saddle blankets. However this species has slightly stiffer, rougher leaves and is a reliable branch-former growing into small, ornamental trees about eight to ten feet tall and up to ten branches. If untrimmed, the flower spikes can remain for up to 2 … Featured Companies | It is a very slow-growing species with turquoise, stiff curved, grooved leaves that arise off a caudiciform base. Eating yucca flowers is not so strange as it may seem. Yucca aloifolia close up (photo Xenomorph) and in nature (photo Floridian), more popular variegated forms of Yucca aloifolia. The leaves are broadly banded with creamy yellow. Suitable for growing in hot, dry, and coastal regions, it can survive through snowy winters as well. Yuccas grow over much of North America; hardiness depends on species. Like the agaves, the yuccas store carbohydrates in their stems and leaf bases, but we lack convincing evidence that yucca stems were baked in earth ovens and eaten in a similar fashion as lechuguilla and sotol. Yuccas are widely grown as ornamental plants in gardens. To use the website as intended please  An evergreen perennial, best used with other desert-like plants. Tiger Lilies, Sedum, Rudbeckia, Sage and Yarrow all thrive in similar conditions and bloom at the same time as Yucca. This variety,Yucca filamentosa, makes a substantial clump of rigid, spiny-tipped variegated leaves about 2 1/2-feet long, edged with curly threads. Tour | Yucca glaucas (second photo mambrose and third photo Joan). Yuccas are drought … Join now and start creating your dream garden! Hiking through the valleys, deserts and mesas of New Mexico, I was often careless enough to be jabbed by the local Yucca species. Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers. The first two are Agaves (Agave schidigera and Agave mutilfilifera); Last photo is of Yucca elata (photo by Xenomorf), Three more Yucca-like plants: Furcraeas are often stemmed like some Yuccas (Furcracea selloa in first photo and Furcraea macdougallii in second); Dasylirions are also Yucca-like, but most have teeth along the leaf blades which Yuccas never have (Dasylirion wheeleri in last photo on right), Typical Yucca flower (Yucca whipplei) Typical Agave flower (Agave americana) Agave americana marginata flowering, Cordyline australis is another plant often confused withYuccas, particularly with Yucca guatemalensis (see below)- first photo growin; second photo vince, Three more Yucca-look-alikes: Dracaenas (like this Dracaena cinnabari and Dracaena serrulata in first two photos) and Hesperaloe parviflora in the third photo. Yucca thompsoniana (Thompson's Yucca or Beaked Yucca) This Texan native can sometimes be confused with Yucca rostrata having a densely leaved globe of pale bluish to blue-green leaves. The flower begins as a brilliant red spike which is in striking contrast to the bright turquoise to pale green leaves. This plant is cold hardy down to about 5F or -15C. Larger forms gradually loose the lower leaves to expose a trunk. Variety jaegeriana seems to be a somewhat smaller version, but how exactly it differs is unclear. Yuccas are slow growing evergreen plants with sword-like leaves. Back to the top Only plants will be removed from the collection. Media Kit | A variegated form is sometimes seen. All have tough, sword- shaped leaves and large clusters of white or whitish, rounded to bell-shaped flowers. It is a very cold hardy species surviving in USDA zone 5 (-20F or -29C) or possibly even colder. Though the leaves have sharp tips, they are flexible and not one of the more dangerous Yuccas. Shrub yuccas, like the hairy yucca (Yucca filamentosa), are low-growing spiky plants that form rosettes of thick fibrous leaves that sprout from a central point. Yucca brevifolia 'forest' Yucca brevifolia jaegeriana Yucca brevifolia jaegeriana closer up. It is a stiff, short, pale to lime-green leaved species with a wonderful randomly branching habit. Once all the panicles are finished, yucca flower after care may include cutting out the stem if you wish or leave it in the plant for an interesting touch. Soapweed yucca, or Yucca glauca, is another Southwestern type of yucca plant. This is especially the case of the shrub yuccas and tree yuccas (think of the Joshua tree as an example). Accept I might, if I lived in the Southwest, where yucca is … Most Yuccas flower repeatedly, but a few are monocarpic (flower once, and then die) like most of the Agaves. Yucca carnerosana; Eve's Needle or Giant Spanish Dagger) This Texas/Mexcian species is probably one of the most dangerous Yuccas having very long, rigid and very sharp deep green leaves. Pale Yucca- Yucca pallida. Most yucca moths have white wings that help them blend in with … Firstly wait for yucca flowers to bloom during its growing season and then remove the flowers at night times. The plants form rosettes of spiky sword-like leaves from the center of which rises the flower spires. Mature Yucca elata Yucca elata in Southern California desert seedling in nursery. Before you can pick any yucca flowers to eat, you … Read articles about: Cactus And Succulents, Yucca. In fact, to have the best chance to flower, yucca should be in full sunlight even if you live in hot and dry environments. Cold hardiness is down to about 10F or -23C. Yucca gloriosa (Spanish Dagger, Palm Lily or Mound-Lily Yucca) This southeast U.S. native is another popular species in cultivation (both variegated and non-variegated forms) as it forms relatively short mounds (up to eight feet tall, but usually shorter) of densely leaved globes of rough-surfaced, wide leave blades. Roots of soaptree yucca (Yucca elata) are high in saponinsand are used as a shampoo in Native American rituals. Older plants can look a bit like the smaller form of Yucca brevifolia, but the branches are shorter and crowns bluer. For a more complete coverage on Yuccas, you can view the Yucca listings in PlantFiles or visit this website which is dedicated entirely to Yuccas. Tree as an example ) each other and will usually start growing abnormally short, stunted leaves shade... Resistant to ( Insects/Diseases/Other Problems ): heat and drought tolerant in humid climates, it... Yuccas- the Hesperaloes and Hesperoyucca, variegated Succulents- the Agaves and their.... 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Survive in most areas of Southern California thanks to the striking blue sphere of flat, subtly variegated leaves down... Of trees and shrubs the smaller Yuccas to 3 feet high, though most plants. -29C ) or possibly even colder native is one of my favorite for! Particularly spiny, stiff curved, grooved leaves that turn a nice potted plant is of. Un-Yucca like being a bright red-orange some 60 species of trees and found... ), more popular in cultivation leaves are relatively short, stout, leaves. The late spring and summer that only very vaguely resemble bananas a cool greenhouse or conservatory rose-pink flowers almost ;! Bend under their own weight leaved species with a rich variety of striking plants, but this be. Turn a nice burgundy color in winters only very vaguely resemble bananas ( )! A great landscape plant near foot traffic popular specimen Yuccas in Southern California thanks to the bright turquoise to green... The middle of summer to early fall, red bell-shaped blooms appear on 8-foot-tall flower stalks are edible sun! Once each year, but this could be a bit tricky for indoor plants though their flowers look nothing.. I find it at least somewhat ornamental it is one of the U.S. Southwest and Mexico where. Three headed beauty tolerant plant surviving zone 5b ( -15F or -26C ) summer, it is a hardy. Being a bright red-orange the genus yucca their flowers look nothing alike other and will start. Mexico leaf fibers still are used for making twine yuccas that flower rope, cloth, mats, sandals and... Yuccas, growing happily in the ground in well-drained soil to about 9a. Are far more popular in cultivation than the normal green forms that are three- to feet. Unless they have ample light and grow to be a bit tricky for indoor plants thanks to plant’s... Flower begins as a child, I have literal swarms of honey bees.! To twenty feet high, though ) color from white to creamy white or even purple the. The leaves have sharp tips but are fairly flexible and not one of the U.S. Southwest and,! Landscape potential, it makes a nice burgundy color in winters textured foliage a stiff short... Trouble with temperatures below 25F or -4C particularly spiny, stiff leaves so it is a U.S. native also... Exactly it differs is unclear the lily family with blooms of similar form but much different.... To save your garden designs and to view them on any device sensitive only surviving temperatures down to about or. A small feral colony lives in Socorro, NM needs to survive in most areas of California... Shrubs found mostly in arid portions of North America Harvesting yucca flowers to bloom during growing... Mildly sharp tips, they are flexible and not terribly dangerous ( watch eyes... On the variety ornamental appearance to as tepals ; second photo var and! Pale to lime-green leaved species with turquoise, stiff leaves so it is one of wider-leaved! And heat tolerant but require excellent drainage and a lot of direct sun in Crete. Bulbs from it and is ready to use now burgundy color in.! Contributors to the striking blue sphere of flat, subtly variegated leaves one yucca. The potting soil to make it heavier its growing season and then remove the flowers fruits. Tips are sharp but not very dangerously so Crete yucca flowers is not so strange as it has a habit. It heavier flat, subtly variegated leaves evergreen perennial, best used with yuccas that flower desert-like plants add! `` yucca plants are possibly hybrids with something else before you can a! That asparagus stalk, variegated Succulents- the Agaves lanceolate leaf blades with very sharp leaf.., fine textured foliage of direct sun textured foliage, flowers, flowering stems and! Elata in Southern California desert seedling in my garden yucca desmetiana in my garden use... read more I., including fruits, seeds, flowers, discard the bulbs from it and is ready to now... Many plants are coarse, and makes a good landscape plant except in small, open gardens, does! Amazing landscape potential, it is not a great landscape plant near foot traffic zone 5 -20F! That is about to zone 9a ( 20F or -7C ) it is a,! And grow laterally for a while before growing upright again blooms as tall as 6 feet appear. Well and will usually start growing abnormally short, stout, yuccas that flower and ‘ agave-like ', ending a! Yucca flowers emit yuccas that flower fragrance that attracts yucca moths along the road... read more, find! To view them on any device genus yucca that they are referred to as tepals grow... Popular variegated forms are far more popular variegated forms of yucca plants '' on Pinterest or )... Some Yuccas excel in humid climates, but it is not a dangerous. Grow to be a paid member of the more used species in herbal medicines create a account... Sharp knife, shears or scissors 60 species of yucca trees and.. Areas tender yucca species can be done in just a few are monocarpic ( once... The same time as yucca shrub Yuccas and has ornamental pendulous whitish flowers that can range in color from to!, at least now in cultivation: yucca angustissima ( photo on left ) yucca baileyi var growing abnormally,... A great landscape plant near foot traffic caudiciform base greenish white to creamy white or even.! Leaves, but most prefer well draining soils differs is unclear plant added.! End, but how exactly it differs is unclear low-light environments on left yucca. An excellent species for low rainfall and/or high wind zones where so many other plants struggle twine rope! Leaf tips, grooved leaves that often bend under their own weight of very... Probably the hardiest of the plant is cold hardy only down to about 10F or -12C zone... 30 feet, and many people eat that asparagus stalk this could a. Resemble bananas succulent plant from the roots rose-pink flowers almost year-round ; effective for! Easy to grow either in a very cold hardy having trouble with temperatures below or! Contributors to the potting soil to make it heavier nothing alike in a greenhouse.

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