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International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies( 2002, p.78) defines “disaster” as a “sudden calamitous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources. The American Nursing Association is helping to ensure that disaster preparedness and response is robust in this country to be personally and professionally prepared for a disaster. Get Your Custom Essay on Disaster Preparedness Essay Just from […] Just like people can be persecuted for crimes and looting during these disasters people should also be persecuted for any cases of animal cruelty that surface during these times of emergency. Drought, regarded as disaster in slow motion, affect as much as 68% of India’s land area. A High Powered Committee (HPC) of the Government of India, in its report submitted to the Government of India in October 2001, outlined the huge scope for Disaster Management by listing some three dozen different types of disasters India must prepare for [see Annexure I].  It involves mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters and public health threats. The government of India supplements the efforts by extending logistics and financial support such as state calamity relief funds for immediate relief restoration of essential infrastructure and public assets in the social sector. Objectives Evaluate how coordination between all preparedness programs is essential, whether creating a local emergency operations plan or a family disaster plan. you This definition illustrates that any event that overwhelms a community’s capacity to respond becomes a disaster and not all adverse events are disasters, only... ... The emergency manager learns about past disasters and current potential hazards and then begins to collaborate with other officials to write a disaster plan for the jurisdiction... ...21st century was punctuated by a series of natural disasters, most notably the Indian tsunami, the earth quakes in Gujarat, India and Kashmir, Pakistan, the September 11 2004 terrorist attacks on the United States and Hurricane Katarina, Cyclone Nargis in Burma, and the Sichuan earth earthquake in China (Coppola & Maloney 2009). The first step of the disaster cycle is usually considered to be preparedness although one could start at any point in the cycle and return to that point before, during, or after a disaster.  Avoid or reduce the potential losses from hazards. Rible Thomas Kizhakkidam One of the main goals of disaster preparedness is to increase the level of awareness of the communities to the threats and impacts of all hazards and risks. ...DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE The National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Plan is established to become the basis of programs and proposals to help make the communities be disaster resilient and has four areas of responsibility that are interlinked, supporting each other. Reports indicate that individuals and communities struggled to cope in the aftermath of these and many other emergencies and endured a high risk of exposure to the consequences of these disasters which affected their likelihood of survival. The Department of Interior and Local Government through the help of other government agencies leads actions such as: accreditation of Non-Government Organizations, development of local DRRM plan, administration of risk assessments, contingency planning, knowledge management and training activities, inventory of resources, stockpiling and prepositioning of resources and establishment of DRRM Operations Center to ensure self-reliant and operational DRRM councils and fully-functioning, adequately staffed and financially capable local DRRM offices. Emergency training is a crucial aspect of disaster preparedness as it allows health organizations to be able to respond to emergencies adequately (Skryabina, Reedy, Amlôt, Jaye, & Riley, 2017). Revisions on the NDRRMP are to be made depending on the observations of concerned sectors to achieve the goals in the most effective way. A wise person plans for the worse, and hopes for the best. Because it is situated on a geologically unstable region and is surrounded by many subduction zones that may cause earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, typhoon and tsunamis, it is impossible to stop natural disasters from hitting our country; all we can do is to manage risks.  Achieve rapid and effective recovery. Disaster Management Cycle Filipinos need to be trained for them to know what proper measures are to be undertaken before, during and after a calamity. This disaster cycle is used throughout the emergency management community, from the local to the national and international levels. 1.   Disaster preparedness is a process of ensuring that an organization has complied with the preventive measures and is in a state of readiness to contain the effects of a predicted disastrous event to minimize loss of life, injury, and damage to property. Unless somebody is going to disseminate information regarding the threats and risks, Filipinos will continue to know nothing about how can these affect their lives. National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Plan: Disaster Preparedness. Emergency Preparedness Risk for disasters is a part of life; emergency situations occur more frequently than many people believe. We'll not send Introduction to Disaster Risk Reduction: Disaster Risk reduction (DRR) aims to reduce the damage caused by natural hazards like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention. Welcome to Essay-Paper.com, the academic writing service that helps and guides scholars to a attain first class marks. Disaster preparedness. During the hurricane Katrina disaster, hundreds and thousands of animals were either killed or abandoned in New Orleans. MswII ROLL no 573 Emergency Preparedness And Disaster Preparedness 1329 Words | 6 Pages. Of these, earthquakes, floods, cyclones and landslides rank among the most fear disasters in India, and the fear is naturally heightened in the areas affected by multiple hazards. In India, states are primarily responsible for handling disasters. The first phase of a disaster preparedness plan entails mitigation. Types of Disasters  Amongst those victims there are none more innocent than the animals and the pets. Of the 35 states and union territories, as many as 27 are disaster prone. The Indian subcontinent is among world’s most disaster prone area. There are two types of disaster…  This can be seen from the a national disaster management authority will function under... ...ter 1 When the people’s level of awareness is increased, they will be more prepared; they will know how to reduce the risks and how to react during calamities. Public health officials can play a huge part in disaster planning and emergency preparedness. Earthquakes, cyclones, droughts, floods etc are some of the natural disasters resulting into huge loss of lives and properties. In mid-2014, we decided to focus on resilience and changed our name to reflect this new thrust, while still keeping engaged in disaster … Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Each step in the disaster cycle correlates to part of the ongoing cycle that is emergency management. Read the list of supplies FEMA recommends each family to have available in the event of a disaster. Preparedness The Philippines have very good established disaster preparedness plans and in fact, it is considered as one of the well-prepared countries when it comes to natural disasters. The whole process of disaster management can be divided into two phases: the first one is, Pre-disaster planning. Natural disasters often result in loss of lives and money. PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT Trauma Services in Maryland. Improved health emergency may occur by one of the possible method that is Primary Health Care (PHC) strategy (Health Emergency Management or HEM). Prior to a disaster’s occurrence, emergency manager will plan for various disasters which could strike within the area of responsibility. Prevention and mitigation: It is almost impossible to prevent disasters from... ...Topic. (Coppola & Maloney 2009).  Disasters often follow natural hazards.   It aims to increase the level of awareness of the communities to the threats and impacts of all hazards and risks, to equip the community with necessary skills to cope with the negative effects and to increase capacity of institutions. For example, in eastern Visayas, the principles of disaster preparedness are now fully included in the curriculum of secondary and tertiary levels and in addition, other approaches like the preparation of modules in disaster preparedness used in Alternative Learning System (ALS) and the expansion of the focus of the Citizen Army training (CAT) for high school seniors on civic work, community service and law enforcement training are also undertaken. Secondly, during the preparedness phase, governments, organizations, and individuals must developed plans in order to save... ...Topic: Critical appraisal of Disaster management Act, 2005 Preparedness is the second phase of disaster management where the goal is to strengthen readiness to handle emergencies through programs by government. Essay # 1. Considering the value of the preparatory behavior, governments, local, national and international institutions and non-government organizations made some efforts in promoting disaster preparedness.  There is no particular definition for a Disaster. To prevent future disasters or massacres from occurring, the United States Government should establish an evacuation plan that includes pets and animals. Nearly 59% of India’s land area is prone to earthquakes of moderate to high hazard, nearly 12% is flood prone, about 8% is cyclone prone, 2% is landslide prone and a long coastline is exposed to tsunamis and storm surges. The paper also estimates the degree of disaster preparedness of the local trauma system based on its capability to manage major incidents and studies the available sources of additional aid. Emergency Preparedness is known to be the discipline of dealing with and avoiding both natural and man-made disasters.  But we can define a disaster as a natural or manmade hazard resulting to physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the natural environment. Its original name was Philippine Disaster Recovery Foundation, but after Yolanda, we began to shift our strategy to disaster prevention and preparedness.  It is the continuous process in an effort to avoid or minimize the impact of disasters resulting from hazards. The disaster cycle or the disaster life cycle consists of the steps that emergency managers take in planning for and responding to disasters. Just from $13/Page. The preparedness plans will help in dealing with an emergency without delay even though the details of a disaster is unknown. spam or irrelevant messages, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. It encompasses all measures that can be put in place to minimize all the negative aspects of the disaster. The goals and activities presented above are very important because not only properties but lives will be destroyed if people will neglect disaster preparedness and it also show that both authorities and the community must actively participate for these plans to work and for the people to attain better security. This is due to some Filipino’s lack of knowledge about the geographical situation of the country and that probably, only a few knows the reasons why the Philippines gets hit by natural disasters very often. For example, the Bagyo,Lindol, Tsunami, and Baha or the BLTB Project of DOST-PAGASA, a part of. Disaster management is a process or strategy that is implemented before, during or after any type of catastrophic event takes place. During disasters such as an earthquake, storm, floods or a terrorist attack, response coordination is usually overwhelmed. Disaster Management Essay 1 (100 words) Disaster refers to the mishap, calamity or the grave occurrence from the natural or man-made reasons which can’t be stopped or tackled immediately by the affected community. The preparedness is mostly directed towards lifesaving activities. After a disaster, how well a community can recover will depend largely on how well they prepared in advance. 1.1 Disasters – The Indian Scenario India supports one-sixth of the world’s population on just 2% of its landmass. disasters . How to apply disaster management program into Cambodia? Disaster relief is a multi-agency coordinated response targeted at reducing disaster impact and its … The support of government and non-government sectors are necessary to equip the community with essential skills to cope with the effects of a disaster so that people will have emotional stability, too. There are four essential parts to disaster management cycle such as prevention, preparedness, response and recovery. This … Read more CHAPTER 1 DISASTER MANAGEMENT An Introductory Goals of Disaster Management Manmade Disasters: These steps may not prevent disasters, but they can definitely help minimize the risk and reduce the damage caused: And if the perceived threats due to other disasters such as chemical and terrorist attacks are added, every square inch of India is vulnerable, calling for... ...What is a Disaster? Submitted by: It overlooks significant aspects such as classification of disasters, declaration of disaster-prone zones, streamlining of responsibilities and involvement of local communities. Preparing for disasters means setting up and developing activities that will prevent deaths and minimize damages (Pearce, 2003). Such scenarios demand comprehensive disaster preparedness planning if rescue and recovery efforts are to be effectively executed. This is a pre-disaster management approach that mainly deals with the scale of a potential disaster and its projected effects. Preparation is the best way of reducing disasters’ impact. Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas. The disaster cycle or the disaster life cycle consists of the steps that emergency managers take in planning for and responding to disasters. For instance, a typical city located along a river would need to plan for not only flooding but also hazardous material accidents, large fires, extreme weather (perhaps tornadoes, hurricanes, and/or snowstorms), geologic hazards (perhaps earthquakes, tsunamis, and/or volcanoes), and other applicable hazards. In this time of panic, there are many innocent victims that are caught in the middle of these disasters. This is due to some Filipino’s lack of knowledge about the geographical situation of the country and that probably, only a few knows the reasons why the Philippines gets hit by natural disasters very often. Let a Professional Expert Help You, Ask a professional expert to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree on the terms and conditions of our service. Disaster Preparedness. Preparedness, response and recovery are the three main core values governing a disaster management policy Some of the deadliest disasters are earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, storms, pandemics and hurricanes Man-made disasters include wars, chemical explosions, gas leakages, forest fires and oil spills Disasters can be categorized into four different types – natural disasters (including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and floods) environmental disasters (manmade incidents which result from the environment in which they occur, such as an explosion on an oil rig) complex emergencies (situations which arise due to political unrest, such as uprisings and civil wars) and pandemic emergencies (pertaining to a sudden bout of a dangerous disease, such as Malaria or Cholera).  prevent the fore coming  PREVENTION: Trying to Discuss your level of […] Not all catastrophes can be prevented, but many types can be avoided, and the effects of others can be mitigated. Read Essay On Natural Disaster Preparedness Plan and other exceptional papers on every subject and topic college can throw at you. We are the most reliable web custom writing service providers, guaranteeing original top notch mark papers. Essay Paper. Disaster Preparedness Essay Objective: Examine disaster preparedness concepts in healthcare organizations. Essay Paper. We are the most reliable web custom writing service providers, guaranteeing original top notch mark papers. Disaster Management.     Fires Nuclear accidents DEFORESTATION War Firstly, prevention is first step to deal with disaster occur because Pre-disaster activities are taken to reduce human and property losses caused by a potential hazard.  RESPONSE: It includes the... ...there have been many occurrences of natural disasters throughout various parts of the United States. Nowadays, Cambodia does not have a law on disaster management yet, which is an essentially to cope with natural disaster. PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT It is exposed to natural catastrophes because of its vast territory, large population and unique geo-climatic conditions. For example, building the dam or levee to control flood water, so it less effect to people, building or livestock and so on. Preparedness involves drafting of plans, developing communication systems, public education and exercises. In other countries around the world these acts would fall under animal cruelty.  Disaster management is the discipline that involves preparing, warning, supporting and rebuilding societies when natural or man-made disasters occur. Disaster preparedness reduces the risk of loss lives and injuries and increases a capacity for coping when hazard occurs. Essay on Disaster Preparedness is for Everyone. Essay on the Frameworks of Disaster Risk Reduction. The International Service Department of the American Red Cross and the Global Disaster Preparedness Center (GDPC) call for consultancy services for: “Analysis of effective disaster preparedness programming.” The identification will be based in the meta-evaluation map that will analyze common themes and learnings related to the process towards “disaster ready communities.” … By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Don’t waste Your Time Searching For a Sample, Disaster Recovery Planning in Banking Sector, Disasters can take many different forms and the duration can. So disaster preparedness is in a state of readiness to contain the effects of a forecasted disastrous event to minimize loss of life, injury, and damage to property, it can provide rescue, relief, rehabilitation, and other services in the aftermath of the disaster. As a part of this program, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, releases guides on earthquake preparedness to reduce the impacts. The Philippine Information Agency together with its implementing partners, AFP, CHED, DEPED, DOH, PAGASA, and PHIVOLCS develops and implements Information, Education and Communication campaigns and programs both locally and nationwide. Disaster Preparedness. Disaster Preparedness Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 words Disaster Preparedness - Research Paper Example FEMA has functioned as an independent agency that is responsible for the management and response in … Miami invests heavily in disaster emergency management and the creation of community routines which increase their preparedness and help the citizens tackle the danger of disasters. The international community have put an effort to deploy a new and developed approach to disaster recovery, disaster risk reduction and recovery and also emergency preparedness. The first phase of a disaster preparedness plan entails mitigation. We use cookies to … One of these key priorities of the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Plan is disaster preparedness. Discuss mitigation strategies in the context of a comprehensive mitigation plan. The Disaster Management Act passed in 2005 provides for a detailed action plan right from the central government to the district and local levels to draw implement and execute disaster management plans.  PREPARE: It includes planning , training etc., to mitigate the effects of natural & manmade disaster. from developing in to disasters. Disaster preparedness is a complex of activities focused on preparation to potentially hazardous factors or conditions in order to protect people and property from damaging and ensure effective reaction to the potential risks. For the sake of understanding, we will start with preparedness. To help strengthen the disaster preparedness of the society, the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Plan also aims to equip the communities with necessary skills and capability to cope with the impacts of the disaster. Additional materials, such as the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your writing easier are also offered here. Disaster preparedness is a process of ensuring that an organization has complied with the preventive measures and is in a state of readiness to contain the effects of a predicted disastrous event to minimize loss of life, injury, and damage to property. Each year, natural disasters affect different parts of the world in various forms. The disaster management personnel are trained to assist in such happenings. In India, while 40 million hectares of landmass is prone to floods, 68 per cent of the total areas is vulnerable to periodical droughts.  Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims of disaster. Some families may live in a geologically unstable location or near a water body that might be hit by natural hazards any time, but how do they know? Introduction Don't use plagiarized sources. This Act provides a detailed action plan as in what to implement and execute right from the central government to the district to local government. The goal of disaster preparedness is to lessen the impact of disasters on vulnerable populations, to ready an organization for an influx of activity, and to design a … Currently there are many problems that are being discussed as a result of the Hurricane Katrina disaster; one of the main discussions that continuously are brought up is the lack of preparation that the United States Government showed during the time of national emergency. Introduction Of the four phases of emergency management, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery, perhaps the place that individuals can make the biggest difference in their own state of resiliency and survival of a disaster is in the preparedness phase. DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT – AWARENESS AND PREPAREDNESS: A TERM PAPER Submitted by: Zoren Pepito Lao Gubalane Graduate Student Submitted to: Dr. Rodolfo T. 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